women in public and private law enforcement



Consumer Involvement in Private EU Competition Law Enforcement Consumer Involvement in Private EU Competition Law Enforcement Новинка

Consumer Involvement in Private EU Competition Law Enforcement

This book is a timely and comprehensive examination of consumer participation in EU competition law enforcement. Using in-depth analysis of recent case law and policy documents, it offers a clear and innovative framework of the subject's normative and practical aspects, and proposes necessary remedial and procedural rules to enable participation.
The Derivative Action and Good Corporate Governance in China The Derivative Action and Good Corporate Governance in China Новинка

The Derivative Action and Good Corporate Governance in China

Good corporate governance is crucial for the long- term success of Chinese economy. To achieve good corporate governance, legal liability is essential, because only legal liability can deter serious managerial misbehavior. Legal liability comes from both public and private enforcement of law, but public enforcement of law has various limitations. In private enforcement of law, the derivative action is preferable to the securities class action, not just because the later is unrealistic in China. For the derivative action to become a reality, appropriate legal rules should be in place. The traditional common law is problematic. The strategy adopted under the Chinese derivative action setting a minimum shareholding requirement as a condition for bringing a suit entails that derivative actions would not be vigorously pursued. The admission of derivative actions should be decided case by case according to the interests of the company and the responsibility of assessing the admissibility of cases should be assigned to the court rather than to the company. The assessment should be based on the probability of success and the potential net recoveries from the case.
Antiterrorism Measures in the United States Antiterrorism Measures in the United States Новинка

Antiterrorism Measures in the United States

Since the attacks of September 11, 2001, law enforcement has focused a great deal of energy in deterring threats of terrorist’s attacks towards the United States and its interests. The majority of Americans agree that terrorism should be a top priority of federal and state law enforcement agencies. The issue that often arises and is heavily debated in the United States has been the way in which law enforcement agencies combat terrorist threats and the Constitutionality in which monitoring and prosecuting terrorist have been enforced. Law enforcement in the United States is learning how to defend itself against terrorist while balancing national security and civil liberties. Despite the perception that terrorism is an imminent threat to all American citizens, the reality is that federal and local law enforcement agencies are presenting, stopping and deterring terrorism internationally and domestically.
Articles on Turkish Private International Law Articles on Turkish Private International Law Новинка

Articles on Turkish Private International Law

The book is intended to give the reader an overview, with a fair amount of details, of the major topics concerning conflict of law rules and international jurisdiction in Turkey. It is hoped that this collection of 13 articles will be of some use to foreign practising lawyers and scholars as preliminary reference and key to the basic private international law concepts of Turkish law. The collection starts with articles giving general remarks on Turkish Private International Law, followed by some conflict of law rules on divorce, matrimonial property, adoption, maintenance, contractual and non-contractual relations. The last articles in this book are concerned with the international jurisdiction of Turkish courts and the recognition and enforcement of foreign court decisions and arbitral awards in Turkey.
Private Law in the 21st Century Private Law in the 21st Century Новинка

Private Law in the 21st Century

This book brings together a wide range of contributors from across the common law world to identify and debate the principal moral and systemic challenges facing private law in the remaining part of the twenty-first century. The various contributions identify serious problems relating to complexity and overload, threats to research and education, the law’s unintelligibility, the unsatisfactory nature of the law reform process and a general lack of public engagement. They consider the respective future roles of statutes, codes, and judge-made law (in the form of both common law and equitable rules). They consider how best to organise the private law system internally, and how to co-ordinate it externally with other public and economic systems (human rights, regulation, insurance markets and social security frameworks). They address the challenges for private law presented by new forms of technology, and by modern demands for the protection of new and intangible forms of moral interest, such as interests in privacy, ‘vindication’ and ‘personal choice’. They also engage with the critical contemporary debates about access to, and the privatisation of, civil justice. The work is designed as a source of inspiration and reference for private lawyers, as well as legislators, policy-makers and students.
Enforcement of Corporate and Securities Law Enforcement of Corporate and Securities Law Новинка

Enforcement of Corporate and Securities Law

This book is the first of its kind in focusing on the enforcement of corporate and securities laws, both public and private, a relatively understudied but critically important issue for the development and health of global capital markets. The book has a special focus on the young system coming into being in the People's Republic of China (PRC), but also examines the enforcement of corporate and securities laws across the globe and across different legal and political systems from an in-depth comparative perspective. This single volume assembles a veritable 'dream team' of contributors who are amongst the very best scholars and legal specialists in the many national jurisdictions covered in the book. Hence, it is of significant value to corporate and securities regulators, judicial officials, prosecutors, litigation specialists, corporate counsel, legal and economic policymakers, scholars, think tanks, students, and investors alike.
Public Law Public Law Новинка

Public Law

Public Law covers the essential topics of undergraduate public law modules in an insightful and interesting way. The authors capture the vibrant nature of public law in practice and the key contemporary debates in the field.
The Public Law of Gender The Public Law of Gender Новинка

The Public Law of Gender

With the worldwide sweep of gender-neutral, gender-equal or gender-sensitive public laws in international treaties, national constitutions and statutes, it is timely to document the raft of legal reform and to critically analyse its effectiveness. In demarcating the academic study of the public law of gender, this book brings together leading lawyers, political scientists, historians and philosophers to examine law's structuring of politics, governing and gender in a new global frame. Of interest to constitutional and statutory designers, advocates, adjudicators and scholars, the contributions explore how concepts such as equality, accountability, representation, participation and rights, depend on, challenge or enlist gendered roles and/or categories. These enquiries suggest that the new public law of gender must confront the lapses in enforcement, sincerity and coverage that are common in both national and international law and governance, and critically and pluralistically recast the public/private distinction in family, community, religion, customary and market domains.
European Environmental Law European Environmental Law Новинка

European Environmental Law

EU Environmental Law is a critical, comprehensive and engaging account of the essential and emerging issues in European environmental law and regulation today. Suitable for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students, the book delivers a thematic and contextual treatment of the subject for those taking courses in environmental law, environmental studies, regulation and public policy, and government and international relations. Placing the key issues in context, EU Environmental Law takes an interdisciplinary and thematic approach to help students to better understand the implementation and enforcement of environmental law and policy across Europe. It offers an accessible overview, and links theory with practical applications that will allow students to contextualise the outcomes of legal rules and their impact on public and private behaviours. It provides a definitive account of the subject, examining traditional topics such as nature conservation law, waste law and water law, alongside increasingly important fields such as the law of climate change, environmental human rights law, and regulation of GMOs and nanotechnology.
European Environmental Law European Environmental Law Новинка

European Environmental Law

EU Environmental Law is a critical, comprehensive and engaging account of the essential and emerging issues in European environmental law and regulation today. Suitable for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students, the book delivers a thematic and contextual treatment of the subject for those taking courses in environmental law, environmental studies, regulation and public policy, and government and international relations. Placing the key issues in context, EU Environmental Law takes an interdisciplinary and thematic approach to help students to better understand the implementation and enforcement of environmental law and policy across Europe. It offers an accessible overview, and links theory with practical applications that will allow students to contextualise the outcomes of legal rules and their impact on public and private behaviours. It provides a definitive account of the subject, examining traditional topics such as nature conservation law, waste law and water law, alongside increasingly important fields such as the law of climate change, environmental human rights law, and regulation of GMOs and nanotechnology.
Investment Treaty Arbitration as Public International Law Investment Treaty Arbitration as Public International Law Новинка

Investment Treaty Arbitration as Public International Law

Investment treaty arbitration is fast becoming one of the most common methods of dispute settlement in international law. Despite having ancient roots, tensions remain between the private interests in international investment relations and the public international law features of the arbitral procedure. This book, which presents an account of investment treaty arbitration as a part of public international law - as opposed to commercial law - provides an important contribution to the literature on this subject. Eric De Brabandere examines the procedural implications of conceiving of investment treaty arbitration in such a way, with regard to issues such as the principles of confidentiality and privacy, and remedies. The author demonstrates how the public international law character of investment treaty arbitration derives from, and has impacted upon, the dispute settlement procedure.
Reconsidering Public Policy Defense in International Arbitral Awards Reconsidering Public Policy Defense in International Arbitral Awards Новинка

Reconsidering Public Policy Defense in International Arbitral Awards

A judicial interference in the enforcement of arbitral awards is required in a case of non-compliance with the award by any relevant party. From the both practical and theoretical viewpoint courts of all jurisdictions may refuse to enforce arbitral awards if such enforcement would be contrary to the public policy of their countries. This is known as ‘the public policy defense to the enforcement of arbitral awards’. The legal rationale for the public policy defense is established in the New York Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards 1958 and the UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration 1985, which are two of the most important international legal documents in promoting and regulating international commercial arbitration. The public policy defense is one of the most controversial exceptions to the enforcement of arbitral awards, causing judicial inconsistency, therefore unpredictability in its implementation. The present research paper explores the main controversies and complexities in the judicial implementation of the public policy defense from comparative perspective of both developed and developing countries.
Criminal Law and the Authority of the State Criminal Law and the Authority of the State Новинка

Criminal Law and the Authority of the State

How does the state, as a public authority, relate to those under its jurisdiction through the criminal law? Connecting the ways in which criminal lawyers, legal theorists, public lawyers and criminologists address questions of the criminal law’s legitimacy, contributors to this collection explore issues such as criminal law-making and jurisdiction; the political-ethical underpinnings of legitimate criminal law enforcement; the offence of treason; the importance of doctrinal guidance in the application of criminal law; the interface between tort and crime; and the purposes and mechanisms of state punishment. Overall, the collection aims to enhance and deepen our understanding of criminal law by conceiving of the practices of criminal justice as explicitly and distinctly embedded in the project of liberal self-governance.
Private and Public Investment in Ethiopia: Pre and Post Reform Private and Public Investment in Ethiopia: Pre and Post Reform Новинка

Private and Public Investment in Ethiopia: Pre and Post Reform

The paper tries to portray the relationship between private and public investment in Ethiopia using an ARDL co-integration approach. The result indicates that public investment complements private investment in the long run. Besides public credit to the private sector, real GDP and real lending interest rate have a positive impact on private investment while the level of uncertainty measured by the change in consumer price index and adverse movement in the terms of trade have a negative effect. The result also found evidence of bi directional causality (feedback effect) between real GDP and private investment. The results of impulse response and variance decomposition suggest that the consequences of shocks in real GDP and public investment become more noticeable in the long run with stable parameters.
Private Law and Power Private Law and Power Новинка

Private Law and Power

The aim of this edited collection of essays is to examine the relationship between private law and power – both the public power of the state and the ‘private’ power of institutions and individuals. It describes and critically assesses the way that private law doctrines, institutions, processes and rules express, moderate, facilitate and control relationships of power. The various chapters of this work examine the dynamics of the relationship between private law and power from a number of different perspectives – historical, theoretical, doctrinal and comparative. They have been commissioned from leading experts in the field of private law, from several different Commonwealth Jurisdictions (Australia, the UK, Canada and New Zealand), each with expertise in the particular sphere of their contribution. They aim to illuminate the past and assist in resolving some contemporary, difficult legal issues relating to the shape, scope and content of private law and its difficult relationship with power.
Public Law Public Law Новинка

Public Law

Public Law Text, Cases, and Materials explores how the law works in practice. The key institutions, legal principles, and conventions that underpin the public law of the UK are brought to life through the inclusion of extracts from key sources, which are explained and critiqued by the authors.
The impact of police-monitored CCTV cameras on crime patterns The impact of police-monitored CCTV cameras on crime patterns Новинка

The impact of police-monitored CCTV cameras on crime patterns

Rapid adoption and expansion of the CCTV systems in Turkey as well as all over the world have produced a fair amount of ?technological determinism among many law enforcement officials, which Norris and Armstrong (1999, p. 9) define as ?an unquestioning belief in the power of technology. As a matter of technological determinism, politicians and the public continue to myopically expect that the exclusive responsibility of preventing crime rest on the police-monitored CCTV cameras. Conversely, policy makers may be better informed if they consider why the law enforcement agencies should invest in the installation of the CCTV cameras in public areas based on the research. In fact, a well-designed evidence based paradigm in the CCTV literature is likely to reveal the truth about the question of ?does it work?
Wildlife law enforcement in and around Badingillo National Park Wildlife law enforcement in and around Badingillo National Park Новинка

Wildlife law enforcement in and around Badingillo National Park

Wildlife Law Enforcement plays a vital role in the conservation of biological diversity by ensuring that plant and animal species are protected. Although South Sudan has a Wildlife Act, it does not have a Wildlife policy to assist in the enforcement of existing laws. Hence, the country has witnessed an escalation in crime targeting biological resources that has led to decline and extinction of some species. This study was conducted in Badingilo National Park (BNP) in South Sudan with the following objectives: 1) identify the challenges facing wildlife law enforcement; 2) determine the causes and effects of the challenges faced in enforcing wildlife laws; and 3) come up with interventions to mitigate effects of challenges of wildlife law enforcement in BNP. Implementation of these interventions will enhance wildlife law enforcement and promote biodiversity conservation not only in BNP but also in other protected areas facing the same challenges in South Sudan.
Illicit Supply and Demand: Child Sex Exploitation in Southeast Asia Illicit Supply and Demand: Child Sex Exploitation in Southeast Asia Новинка

Illicit Supply and Demand: Child Sex Exploitation in Southeast Asia

Sexual exploitation of children is a growing problem, frequently involving international participants. Members in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) are some of the hot spots for child sex tourism and sex trafficking. Foreign patrons of such illicit trades travel from as far as North America, where law enforcement is more consistent and penalties more serious. Worldwide, domestic and international laws have been established to protect children in theory, but in reality the industries proliferate, including with the assistance of law enforcement personnel. This report reviews international law and compares domestic laws from ten ASEAN States alongside those from the United States and Canada. Social, psychological, and public health issues related to sex trades are also examined. A holistic international approach to an ancient problem is introduced.
The Cambridge Handbook of Surveillance Law The Cambridge Handbook of Surveillance Law Новинка

The Cambridge Handbook of Surveillance Law

Surveillance presents a conundrum: how to ensure safety, stability, and efficiency while respecting privacy and individual liberty. From police officers to corporations to intelligence agencies, surveillance law is tasked with striking this difficult and delicate balance. That challenge is compounded by ever-changing technologies and evolving social norms. Following the revelations of Edward Snowden and a host of private-sector controversies, there is intense interest among policymakers, business leaders, attorneys, academics, students, and the public regarding legal, technological, and policy issues relating to surveillance. This handbook documents and organizes these conversations, bringing together some of the most thoughtful and impactful contributors to contemporary surveillance debates, policies, and practices. Its pages explore surveillance techniques and technologies; their value for law enforcement, national security, and private enterprise; their impacts on citizens and communities; and the many ways societies do - and should - regulate surveillance.
The Struggle for European Private Law: A Critique of Codification The Struggle for European Private Law: A Critique of Codification Новинка

The Struggle for European Private Law: A Critique of Codification

The European codification project has rapidly gathered pace since the turn of the century. This monograph considers the codification project in light of a series of broader analytical frameworks – comparative, historical and constitutional – which make modern codification phenomena intelligible. This new reading across fields renders the European codification project (currently being promoted through the Common Frame of Reference and the Optional Sales Law Code proposal) vulnerable to constitutionally-grounded criticism, traceable to normative considerations of private law authority and legitimacy. Arguing that modern codification phenomena are more complex than positivist, socio-legal and historical approaches have suggested over the past two centuries, the book stages a pathbreaking method of analysis of the law-discourse (nomos-centred) which questions at once the reduction of private law to legislation and of law to power and, on this basis, redefines the ways in which to counter law’s disintegration and crisis in the context of Europeanisation. Professor Niglia reconstructs the European codification project as a complex structure of government-in-the-making that embodies a set of contingent world views, excludes alternatives, challenges the plurality of private laws and entrenches conflicts that pertain not only to form (codification, de-codification, recodification) but also to dilemmas implicated in determining the substantive orientation of European private law. The book investigates the position of the codifiers and their discontents in the shadow of the codification strategy pursued by the European Commission – noting a new turn in the struggle over the configuration of private law which has taken place since the Savigny-Thibaut dispute of 1814 which this book critically revisits exactly two centuries later. This monograph is particularly aimed at readers interested in exploring the complexities, and interconnections, of the supposedly separate realms of comparative law, European law, private law, legal history, constitutional law, sociology of law and, last but not least, legal theory and jurisprudence.
Law and Religion in American History Law and Religion in American History Новинка

Law and Religion in American History

This book furthers dialogue on the separation of church and state with an approach that emphasizes intellectual history and the constitutional theory that underlies American society. Mark Douglas McGarvie explains that the founding fathers of America considered the right of conscience to be an individual right, to be protected against governmental interference. While the religion clauses enunciated this right, its true protection occurred in the creation of separate public and private spheres. Religion and the churches were placed in the private sector. Yet, politically active Christians have intermittently mounted challenges to this bifurcation in calling for a greater public role for Christian faith and morality in American society. Both students and scholars will learn much from this intellectual history of law and religion that contextualizes a four-hundred-year-old ideological struggle.
Law and Religion in American History Law and Religion in American History Новинка

Law and Religion in American History

This book furthers dialogue on the separation of church and state with an approach that emphasizes intellectual history and the constitutional theory that underlies American society. Mark Douglas McGarvie explains that the founding fathers of America considered the right of conscience to be an individual right, to be protected against governmental interference. While the religion clauses enunciated this right, its true protection occurred in the creation of separate public and private spheres. Religion and the churches were placed in the private sector. Yet, politically active Christians have intermittently mounted challenges to this bifurcation in calling for a greater public role for Christian faith and morality in American society. Both students and scholars will learn much from this intellectual history of law and religion that contextualizes a four-hundred-year-old ideological struggle.
The Vienna Sales Convention and Private International Law The Vienna Sales Convention and Private International Law Новинка

The Vienna Sales Convention and Private International Law

In this contribution, the author investigates the relationship between the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG or Vienna Sales Convention) and private international law. Through an in-depth analysis of articles 1,6,7,28 and 95 of the CISG, it is illustrated that a symbiotic relationship exists between the Vienna Sales Convention - a uniform international substantive law convention - and the rules of private international law. Due to its large number of contracting states from jurisdictions representative of all legal traditions, the CISG has been heralded as one of the most successful international conventions in the field of international sales law. An exposition of the CISG's relationship with private international law and domestic sales law is of special relevance for the international business and legal community.
Business And Contract Law Business And Contract Law Новинка

Business And Contract Law

The nature and functions of business law have varied throughout history. In modern societies, some authorized body such as a legislature or a court makes the law. Laws are enacted for public good. Law serves as a variety of functions. Business and contract laws facilitate activities and private planning. Law is a system of rules and guidelines. Laws are made by governments, specifically by their legislatures. This Book will immensely help full for Management and Accounting Students
Future of Leniency Future of Leniency Новинка

Future of Leniency

Nowadays in competition law, the detection of cartels and collusive behavior is as important as the effectiveness of the legal and financial consequences on such behavior. The main questions in this study are, how competition agencies can prepare themselves for a system that allows sharing of information related to a leniency proceeding to private parties (for private enforcement), without losing any attractiveness of their leniency programme and how a European Leniency System can be build up in a most effective way. Moreover, a future European “One- Stop-System” is discussed and an outlook given.
Private Law in the External Relations of the EU Private Law in the External Relations of the EU Новинка

Private Law in the External Relations of the EU

An edited volume exploring the interaction between EU external relations law and private law, examining how the relationship has affected the evolution of the EU's competence, the extent of EU private law's reach beyond the boundaries of an internal market, and how the EU contributes to the formation of private regulation at an international level.
Bruce Hopkins R. Private Foundation Law Made Easy Bruce Hopkins R. Private Foundation Law Made Easy Новинка

Bruce Hopkins R. Private Foundation Law Made Easy

Now your foundation can be fully informed about the basic legal requirements affecting private foundations and avoid the perils lurking in nonprofit tax law traps. Private Foundation Law Made Easy clearly shows you how, with information on reaping the charitable and tax advantages of your private foundation. Filled with straightforward guidance, author Bruce Hopkins?a leading authority on the laws regulating private foundations?demystifies this topic for you and your board members with practical legal information in easy-to-understand English.
Self-Governance in Science Self-Governance in Science Новинка

Self-Governance in Science

Commercial and academic communities use private rules to regulate everything from labor conditions to biological weapons. This self-governance is vital in the twenty-first century, where private science and technology networks cross so many borders that traditional regulation and treaty solutions are often impractical. Self-Governance in Science analyzes the history of private regulation, identifies the specific market factors that make private standards stable and enforceable, explains what governments can do to encourage responsible self-regulation, and asks when private power might be legitimate. Unlike previous books which stress sociology or political science perspectives, Maurer emphasizes the economic roots of private power to deliver a coherent and comprehensive account of recent scholarship. Individual chapters present a detailed history of past self-government initiatives, describe the economics and politics of private power, and extract detailed lessons for law, legitimacy theory, and public policy.
Self-Governance in Science Self-Governance in Science Новинка

Self-Governance in Science

Commercial and academic communities use private rules to regulate everything from labor conditions to biological weapons. This self-governance is vital in the twenty-first century, where private science and technology networks cross so many borders that traditional regulation and treaty solutions are often impractical. Self-Governance in Science analyzes the history of private regulation, identifies the specific market factors that make private standards stable and enforceable, explains what governments can do to encourage responsible self-regulation, and asks when private power might be legitimate. Unlike previous books which stress sociology or political science perspectives, Maurer emphasizes the economic roots of private power to deliver a coherent and comprehensive account of recent scholarship. Individual chapters present a detailed history of past self-government initiatives, describe the economics and politics of private power, and extract detailed lessons for law, legitimacy theory, and public policy.
Women can be priests in the Catholic Church: A hermeneutical Study Women can be priests in the Catholic Church: A hermeneutical Study Новинка

Women can be priests in the Catholic Church: A hermeneutical Study

The main reason why the Catholic Church continues to exclude women from the priesthood is that Jesus chose only men as his apostles. The author argues that the culture, custom and law of the Jews at that time, did not allow women to speak in public, exercise any public function, or leadership role. These were precisely what Jesus sent his apostles to do. That was why he chose only men to be his apostles. If he had included women among them he would have violated not only Jewish culture and custom of that time, but a Jewish law as well, which forbade women to speak in public, exercise public function or leadership role. So he could not have included women. But times have changed, the status of women has improved now, especially in Modern times. women now exercise public functions, the professions, including the priesthood in some Churches, play leadership roles along with their male counterparts everywhere. If Jesus had lived in our time he would have included women among his apostles because the culture and law that forbade women to exercise public function at that time no longer exist. The Catholic Church will eventually change and ordain women priests. It is a matter of time
Law and Practice of Liability Management Law and Practice of Liability Management Новинка

Law and Practice of Liability Management

Tender offers, exchange offers and consent solicitations in connection with debt securities are important instruments of corporate restructurings, corporate rescues, recapitalisations and other types of liability management of public and private companies. Although tender offers for shares, stocks and other equity securities are covered by a vast literature on public mergers, takeovers and acquisitions, the literature on liability management transactions for debt securities is scarce. Law and Practice of Liability Management rectifies this by providing a systematic treatise of the law relating to this significant aspect of the global capital market. It guides students and professionals through the complex legal and regulatory requirements applicable to these transactions, the increasing regulatory interest by the world's leading financial regulatory authorities, and recent innovations in the structuring, legal techniques and execution of the relevant transactions in international capital markets.
Law and Practice of Liability Management Law and Practice of Liability Management Новинка

Law and Practice of Liability Management

Tender offers, exchange offers and consent solicitations in connection with debt securities are important instruments of corporate restructurings, corporate rescues, recapitalisations and other types of liability management of public and private companies. Although tender offers for shares, stocks and other equity securities are covered by a vast literature on public mergers, takeovers and acquisitions, the literature on liability management transactions for debt securities is scarce. Law and Practice of Liability Management rectifies this by providing a systematic treatise of the law relating to this significant aspect of the global capital market. It guides students and professionals through the complex legal and regulatory requirements applicable to these transactions, the increasing regulatory interest by the world's leading financial regulatory authorities, and recent innovations in the structuring, legal techniques and execution of the relevant transactions in international capital markets.
TURNED TURNED Новинка

TURNED

A gang-related shooting has far-reaching implications for four young women, all strangers with no common connection except tragedy. Seven years after the incident, the women are brought together for one common purpose--join a private intelligence agency formed by the FBI, Belladonna, which is dedicated to placing agents where law enforcement won't go. Teamed up with males who have paranormal bloodlines, each woman will learn not just how to survive in the darkness, but to thrive in it - achieving their potential in both the mission and in love.
Role of Shelter Homes in the Rehabilitation of Distress Women Role of Shelter Homes in the Rehabilitation of Distress Women Новинка

Role of Shelter Homes in the Rehabilitation of Distress Women

This book apprehends the detailed knowledge about the reasons that how and why women leave their houses or violent places and get protection from the public and private protection homes. This book articulates the rehabilitative capacities of such protection homes provided to the victims or distress women. It helps to understand the phenomena of public and private sector humanitarian institutes in terms of providing services and opportunities to the victims.
Private and Public investments and Economic Growth Private and Public investments and Economic Growth Новинка

Private and Public investments and Economic Growth

Capabilities that provide the social economical actions which helps to grow up to economic growth over a long term and protect the local markets are called Private and public investments. This research reported that, there is long-term positive and significant relationship among the private sector and public sector on economic Growth.However, private investment has a greater influence than the public investment. But private investment is dependent on public invetsment, whenever public invetsment will increase then private investment will definitely Increase.
Human Rights in Contemporary European Law Human Rights in Contemporary European Law Новинка

Human Rights in Contemporary European Law

This is volume 6 in the series Swedish Studies in European Law. Arising from the work of two well-attended seminars, this new volume concentrates on highly topical issues in European Law – current problems in the enforcement of human rights in Europe and the accession of the EU to the European Convention on Human Rights. Among the topics dealt with – apart from ‘the accession issue’ – are questions related to the enforcement of the Charter of Fundamental Rights, human rights as general principles of law, specific issues like the ‘Double Jeopardy Clause’ in relation to Swedish tax law, horizontal effect or so-called ‘Drittwirkung’ of human rights and the increased role of judicial and constitutional review in Swedish courts. The book should be of value to any reader with an interest in such matters.
Burris Scott C. Public Health Law Research. Theory and Methods Burris Scott C. Public Health Law Research. Theory and Methods Новинка

Burris Scott C. Public Health Law Research. Theory and Methods

Public Health Law Research: Theory and Methods definitively explores the mechanisms, theories and models central to public health law research – a growing field dedicated to measuring and studying law as a central means for advancing public health. Editors Alexander C. Wagenaar and Scott Burris outline integrated theory drawn from numerous disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences; specific mechanisms of legal effect and guidelines for collecting and coding empirical datasets of statutory and case law; optimal research designs for randomized trials and natural experiments for public health law evaluation; and methods for qualitative and cost-benefit studies of law.. They also discuss the challenge of effectively translating the results of scientific evaluations into public health laws and highlight the impact of this growing field. “How exactly the law can best be used as a tool for protecting and enhancing the public’s health has long been the subject of solely opinion and anecdote. Enter Public Health Law Research, a discipline designed to bring the bright light of science to the relationships between law and health. This book is a giant step forward in illuminating that subject.” – Stephen Teret, JD, MPH, Professor, Director, Center for Law and the Public's Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health “Wagenaar and Burris bring a dose of much needed rigor to the empirical study of which public health law interventions really matter, and which don’t.” – Bernard S. Black, JD, Chabraja Professor, Northwestern University Law School and Kellogg School of Management Companion Web site: www.josseybass.com/go/wagenaar
Accessories in Private Law Accessories in Private Law Новинка

Accessories in Private Law

Accessory liability is an often neglected but very important topic across all areas of private law. By providing a principled analytical framework for the law of accessories and identifying common themes and problems that arise in the law, this book provides much-needed clarity. It explains the fundamental concepts that are used to impose liability on accessories, particularly the conduct and mental elements of liability: 'involvement' in the primary wrong and (generally) knowledge. It also sets out in detail the specific rules and principles of liability as these operate in different areas of common law, equity and statute. A comparative study across common law and criminal law jurisdictions, including the United States, also sheds new light on what is and what is not accessory liability.
Police Officers Perceptions of Crime Analysts Police Officers Perceptions of Crime Analysts Новинка

Police Officers Perceptions of Crime Analysts

An analysis of Police Officers Perceptions based on the Technology Acceptance Model (TAMS) by Dr. Fred Davis (1986; 1989). It is this author's intent that this work be used to identify areas within the law enforcement and public safety community where understanding, acceptance, and integration of the analytical process can be achieved. It is understood that this work may be the starting point for changing the narrative as it relates to law enforcement and the public safety's perspective of emerging technologies and those active in this field; and any criticism regarding the depth of the research are borne solely by this author. Thank you, and be well. ~ Dr. Eugene Matthews
A Theoretical Discussion of Motivation and Leadership in Denmark A Theoretical Discussion of Motivation and Leadership in Denmark Новинка

A Theoretical Discussion of Motivation and Leadership in Denmark

Now and perhaps more than ever, we have a need of good leadership and motivational methods. To get through the financial crisis we are experiencing at the moment, a strong focus on these two concepts has to be made. Therefore this book is going to look at leadership and motivation seen in relation to the public and private sector in Denmark. The focus of the book is on the difference between leadership and management, the link between leadership and motivation in the public and the private sector, the main challenges of increasing employee motivation for leaders in the public and private sector and lastly the current challenges in managing people in the public and private sector and how leadership and motivational theories can overcome these challenges. Since it is a theoretical book the argumentation will be based on models and theories within the field of motivation and leadership. The book gives an introduction into how motivation and leadership work in Denmark in the public and private sector and should be useful for leaders or managers or people in general who have an interest in the issues of motivation and leadership.
The Limitations of the Law on Sexual Exposure in the Ugandan Press The Limitations of the Law on Sexual Exposure in the Ugandan Press Новинка

The Limitations of the Law on Sexual Exposure in the Ugandan Press

The Limitations on the Law on Sexual Exposure demonstrates a lack of law enforcement and loose supply of pornography with disregard of public morality and the undesirable outcomes of such activities. Laws relating to sexual exposure exist but are not known and thus are not applied or followed. Meanwhile business of publishing pornographic material is on the increase with no deterrent mechanism to contain it.
The Oxford Handbook of Law and Economics: Volume 1: Methodology and Concepts, Volume 2: Private and Commercial Law, and Volume 3: Public Law and Legal Institutions: 1-3 The Oxford Handbook of Law and Economics: Volume 1: Methodology and Concepts, Volume 2: Private and Commercial Law, and Volume 3: Public Law and Legal Institutions: 1-3 Новинка

The Oxford Handbook of Law and Economics: Volume 1: Methodology and Concepts, Volume 2: Private and Commercial Law, and Volume 3: Public Law and Legal Institutions: 1-3

Covering over one-hundred topics on issues ranging from Law and Neuroeconomics to European Union Law and Economics to Feminist Theory and Law and Economics, The Oxford Handbook of Law and Economics is the definitive work in the field of law and economics. The volumes gather together scholars and experts in law and economics to create the most inclusive and current work on law and economics. Edited by Francisco Parisi, the Handbooks look at the origins of the field of law and economics, tracks its progression and increased importance to both law and economics, and looks to the future of the field and its continued development by examining a cornucopia of fields touched by work in law and economics. The uniqueness of its breadth, depth, and convenience make the volume essential to scholars, students, and contributors in the field of law and economics.
Private Law and the Value of Choice Private Law and the Value of Choice Новинка

Private Law and the Value of Choice

Some say that private law ought to correct wrongs or to protect rights. Others say that private law ought to maximise social welfare or to minimise social cost. In this book, Emmanuel Voyiakis claims that private law ought to make our responsibilities to others depend on the opportunities we have to affect how things will go for us. Drawing on the work of HLA Hart and TM Scanlon, he argues that private law principles that require us to bear certain practical burdens in our relations with others are justified as long as those principles provide us with certain opportunities to choose what will happen to us, and having those opportunities is something we have reason to value. The book contrasts this ‘value-of-choice’ account with its wrong- and social cost-based rivals, and applies it to familiar problems of contract and tort law, including whether liability should be negligence-based or stricter; whether insurance should matter in the allocation of the burden of repair; how far private law should make allowance for persons of limited capacities; when a contract term counts as ‘unconscionable’ or ‘unfair’; and when tort law should hold a person vicariously liable for another’s mistakes.
Weapons Under International Human Rights Law Weapons Under International Human Rights Law Новинка

Weapons Under International Human Rights Law

International human rights law offers an overarching international legal framework to help determine the legality of the use of any weapon, as well as its lawful supply. It governs acts of States and non-State actors alike. In doing so, human rights law embraces international humanitarian law regulation of the use of weapons in armed conflict and disarmament law, as well as international criminal justice standards. In situations of law enforcement (such as counterpiracy, prisons, ordinary policing, riot control, and many peace operations), human rights law is the primary legal frame of reference above domestic criminal law. This important and timely book draws on all aspects of international weapons law and proposes a new view on international law governing weapons. Also included is a specific discussion on armed drones and cyberattacks, two highly topical issues in international law and international relations.
Emergencies in Public Law Emergencies in Public Law Новинка

Emergencies in Public Law

Debates about emergency powers traditionally focus on whether law can or should constrain officials in emergencies. Emergencies in Public Law moves beyond this narrow lens, focusing instead on how law structures the response to emergencies and what kind of legal and political dynamics this relation gives rise to. Drawing on empirical studies from a variety of emergencies, institutional actors, and jurisdictional scales (terrorist threats, natural disasters, economic crises, and more), this book provides a framework for understanding emergencies as long-term processes rather than ad hoc events, and as opportunities for legal and institutional productivity rather than occasions for the suspension of law and the centralization of response powers. The analysis offered here will be of interest to academics and students of legal, political, and constitutional theory, as well as to public lawyers and social scientists.
Private Military/Security Companies Private Military/Security Companies Новинка

Private Military/Security Companies

Increasingly, and especially since the end of the Cold War, Private Military/Security Companies have been utilised by states in order to fulfil duties relating to warfare. This book aims to examine the legal basis of PMSCs under international law, and analyse the law of state responsibility within the frame of PMSCs. Yet how can international and domestic law best regulate the Private Military industry? In particular, international law has found it difficult to establish a ‘hard law’, with a binding nature on PMSC and universal applicability. In such regard, this study seeks to indicate the shortcomings of current international law; but also ensure that the topic stays alive for further research by asking questions relating to contemporary issues.
Public-Private Partnerships in Health Care in Ghana Public-Private Partnerships in Health Care in Ghana Новинка

Public-Private Partnerships in Health Care in Ghana

health care is a necessity for fostering human development. Yet Ghana, as other developing countries, is struggling to provide improved, quality and affordable health care to its citizens.Against the backdrop of limited public funds and competition from other sectors of the economy; inadequacy is but a lightening of the actual challenges in health care delivery. Undoubtedly, Public-Private Partnerships in health care seems to be the innovation. But what can and will the private sector do in health care delivery? What are the prospects and challenges of a policy that fosters intense private sector support. This work, explores the nuisances of this approach through a local context. The research work tried to explore this by analysing the contribution of the private sector in local level heath care delivery.
Swedish Perspectives on Private Law Europeanisation Swedish Perspectives on Private Law Europeanisation Новинка

Swedish Perspectives on Private Law Europeanisation

As part of the European integration, an ambitious programme of harmonisation of European private law is taking place. This new edition in the Swedish Studies in European Law series, the work of both legal scholars and politicians, aims to create a modern codification in the tradition of the great continental codifications such as the BGB and the Code Civil. A significant step towards this development was taken in 2009 with the creation of the Draft Common Frame of Reference which contains model rules for a large part of central private law. The process raises a number of questions. What are the advantages and disadvantages of such an intensive process of harmonisation? Are there lessons to be learnt from the Europeanisation of private law through history? Are there any further steps which have been taken in order to create a European private law? What is the future of European private law? These crucial questions were discussed at a conference in Stockholm, sponsored by the Swedish Network of European Legal Studies. This important volume includes the answers offered by leading scholars in the field.
Emergencies in Public Law Emergencies in Public Law Новинка

Emergencies in Public Law

Debates about emergency powers traditionally focus on whether law can or should constrain officials in emergencies. Emergencies in Public Law moves beyond this narrow lens, focusing instead on how law structures the response to emergencies and what kind of legal and political dynamics this relation gives rise to. Drawing on empirical studies from a variety of emergencies, institutional actors, and jurisdictional scales (terrorist threats, natural disasters, economic crises, and more), this book provides a framework for understanding emergencies as long-term processes rather than ad hoc events, and as opportunities for legal and institutional productivity rather than occasions for the suspension of law and the centralization of response powers. The analysis offered here will be of interest to academics and students of legal, political, and constitutional theory, as well as to public lawyers and social scientists.
Private International Law of the Republic of Moldova Private International Law of the Republic of Moldova Новинка

Private International Law of the Republic of Moldova

There has never been achieved before in the Moldavian private international law a complex scientific research regarding the law applicable to the material and formal validity conditions of the juridical act, by using laws, opinions from doctrine and court case experience, as well as proposing the lining up of the Moldavian legislation to the European regulations. This study establishes the difference between the law applicable to the juridical act and to the contract, as well as between the law applicable to the material conditions and to the formal conditions. It contains an analysis of lex voluntatis, the law of the state to which the juridical act is most closely connected to, locus regit actum rule, lex actus application field, lex succesionis conflict of law rule, locus regit actum, lex patriae, lex domicilii and auctor regit actum conflict of law rules character and their application area. The possibility of achieving the splitting up in the Moldavian private international law is substantiated. The study can be used as a manual at the Private international law discipline of the Law Faculties, to perfect the specialists in this area, but also for the law projects.
Private Regulation and the Internal Market Private Regulation and the Internal Market Новинка

Private Regulation and the Internal Market

How does EU internal market law, in particular the rules on free movement and competition, apply to private regulation? Through a close analysis of three case studies (sports, the legal profession, and standard-setting) this book studies how internal market law is used as a control mechanism over private regulators.
Serving Public or Private Interests? Serving Public or Private Interests? Новинка

Serving Public or Private Interests?

Aid can be a powerful business strategy in a globalized world. The current trend of increased reliance on private actors to obtain development has led to increase of public-private partnerships in aid. When public and private actors meet, research has shown that private interests outweigh public objectives. This book sets light on power relations in aid, contextualized by a study of Norway''s Oil for Development initiative in Ghana. Oil for Development allocates few resources, but operates in 26 developing countries with oil resources. It uses private sector experts in its projects. Oil for Development is here analysed as a public-private partnership with focus on why it was created and what it means in Norwegian foreign and national politics. Who benefits from it? Does it represent a conflict of interests, as claimed in an article in the Financial Times shortly after its launch in 2005? How is power exercised among the main actors: the Norwegian state, Ghana and Norway''s oil industry? The book reveals an example of sophisticated use of power where the donor''s interests are seemingly perfectly aligned with the interests of the developing countries
Psychology and Law Psychology and Law Новинка

Psychology and Law

Now in its fourth edition, Psychology and Law is a comprehensive guide to the complex interactions between psychology and criminal law. Andreas Kapardis explores contemporary psycho-legal issues both in and out of the courtroom, from eyewitness testimony, investigative interviewing, jury decision making, and sentencing as a human process, to restorative justice, terrorism, police prejudice and offender profiling. The book draws upon sources from Europe, North America and Australia to investigate the subjectivity and human fallibility inherent in our systems of justice. It suggests ways of minimising undesirable influences on judicial decision making, and discusses procedures for dealing with witnesses and suspects. Fully revised and with greater emphasis on relevant law, Psychology and Law remains the leading text on legal psychology for students and practitioners in psychology, law, criminology, social work and law enforcement.
Private Law in China and Taiwan Private Law in China and Taiwan Новинка

Private Law in China and Taiwan

Past research and literature suggest that legal institutions drive economic development. Yet China has grown for decades without the fundamental legal infrastructure that was once considered necessary. This is called the 'China puzzle' or the 'China myth'. By carefully comparing the four key branches of private law in China and Taiwan - a jurisdiction that grew with modest legal institutions and shares similar legal and non-legal culture - this collaborative and novel book demystifies the 'China puzzle'. Top scholars in the field use an economics-focused analytical approach to explain how and why the laws have taken such paths over the past four decades. Comparing property, contract, tort, and corporate laws in China and Taiwan, these authors delve deeply into key doctrines to provide a meaningful account of the evolution of private law in these two jurisdictions.
Public Private Partnership in School Education in Punjab Public Private Partnership in School Education in Punjab Новинка

Public Private Partnership in School Education in Punjab

This research study was designed to access the effectiveness of Public Private Partnership in school education. The objectives of the study were, 1) to find out the availability and utilization of the physical facilities in schools established under public private partnership, 2) to investigate the opinion of different stakeholders about the current situation of public private partnership, 3) to assess the effectiveness of public-private partnership in the development of school education in Punjab, and 4) to compare the views of teachers working in schools established under public private partnership in different regions of the Punjab regarding Community Participation Project. Multistage cluster sampling technique was adopted. Punjab province was divided into three regions i.e. Northern Region, Central Region and Southern Region, having three districts from the northern region, four districts from the central region and four districts from the southern region for the purpose of data collection. The study was delimited to Community Model Schools (CMS) functioning under Community Participation Project (CPP) scheme. Study was also delimited to BISER.
The Legal and Institutional Framework The Legal and Institutional Framework Новинка

The Legal and Institutional Framework

The legal protection for consumers from abuse by market actors has passed several stages of development. The earliest protection was based on laws of contract and extra contractual liability. But these private law mechanisms have not been adequate enough in protecting consumers’ interests. Due to this, later on, consumer protection began to be based on criminal law, competition law and regulatory laws of different nature, as well. However, still, the protections based on these laws have their own limitations. To supplement the limitations of these private and public laws in consumer protection, countries began to enact a separate consumer protection regime. Ethiopia enacted a Trade Practice and Consumer Protection Law in 2010 with the same objectives of protecting consumers in the market place.The legal regimes of this law include the scope of application of the law which applies to any transaction in goods and services. Beside this, the rights of consumers and obligations of business persons are basic substantive characteristics of this law.
Interpretation of Inventive Step: Private Monopoly Vs Public Interest Interpretation of Inventive Step: Private Monopoly Vs Public Interest Новинка

Interpretation of Inventive Step: Private Monopoly Vs Public Interest

The book is a unique work focused on the 'inventive step/non-obviousness', one of the criteria for qualifying an invention to be a patent with special reference to pharmaceutical sector. The interdisciplinary approach towards science and law will help lawyers, scientists, techno-legal researchers and academicians of various fields such as science, law, social sciences in understanding the legal, social and scientific perspective of interpretation of inventivestep/ non-obviousness. Thus, the Book is delved into the legal regimes of Europe and USA along with India vis-a-vis the requirement of inventive step. Further it discusses the challenges to the interpretation of inventive step and brings forth how the inventive step requirement strikes a balance between private monopoly and public interest and thereby fulfils the constitutional norms.

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The European codification project has rapidly gathered pace since the turn of the century. This monograph considers the codification project in light of a series of broader analytical frameworks – comparative, historical and constitutional – which make modern codification phenomena intelligible. This new reading across fields renders the European codification project (currently being promoted through the Common Frame of Reference and the Optional Sales Law Code proposal) vulnerable to constitutionally-grounded criticism, traceable to normative considerations of private law authority and legitimacy. Arguing that modern codification phenomena are more complex than positivist, socio-legal and historical approaches have suggested over the past two centuries, the book stages a pathbreaking method of analysis of the law-discourse (nomos-centred) which questions at once the reduction of private law to legislation and of law to power and, on this basis, redefines the ways in which to counter law’s disintegration and crisis in the context of Europeanisation. Professor Niglia reconstructs the European codification project as a complex structure of government-in-the-making that embodies a set of contingent world views, excludes alternatives, challenges the plurality of private laws and entrenches conflicts that pertain not only to form (codification, de-codification, recodification) but also to dilemmas implicated in determining the substantive orientation of European private law. The book investigates the position of the codifiers and their discontents in the shadow of the codification strategy pursued by the European Commission – noting a new turn in the struggle over the configuration of private law which has taken place since the Savigny-Thibaut dispute of 1814 which this book critically revisits exactly two centuries later. This monograph is particularly aimed at readers interested in exploring the complexities, and interconnections, of the supposedly separate realms of comparative law, European law, private law, legal history, constitutional law, sociology of law and, last but not least, legal theory and jurisprudence.
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